Required return coupon rate

If a bond's purchase price is equal to its par value, then the coupon rate, current yield, and yield to maturity are the same. Fixed Income Essentials.

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  • Important Differences Between Coupon and Yield to Maturity.
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Yield to maturity

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Coupon Rate: An Overview A bond's coupon rate is the rate of interest it pays annually, while its yield is the rate of return it generates. Key Takeaways Coupon rates are influenced by government-set interest rates. In this way, yield and price are inversely proportional or move in equal but opposite directions. The coupon rate or yield of a bond is the amount that an investor can expect to receive as they hold the bond.

What is the difference between a bond’s coupon rate and yield to maturity?

Coupon rates are fixed when the government or corporation issue the bond. Calculation of the coupon rate is from the yearly amount of interest based on the face or par value of the security. Suppose you purchase an IBM Corp. To calculate the bond's coupon rate, divide the total annual interest payments by the face value. While the coupon rate of a bond is fixed, the par or face value may change. But, when the asset sells for more than their face value it sells at a premium. Likewise, when they sell for less than the face value they sell at a discount.

Definition of 'Coupon Rate'

To an individual bond investor, the coupon payment is the source of bond profit. To the bond trader, there is the potential gain or loss generated by variations in market price. The yield to maturity calculation incorporates the potential gains or losses generated by those market price changes.

If an investor purchases a bond at par value or face value , the yield to maturity is equal to its coupon rate. If the investor purchases the bond at a discount, its yield to maturity will be higher than its coupon rate.

Bonds - Confused between the rates: Spot, Forward, Coupon, Current Yield, IRR, YTM, BEY

YTM represents the average return of the bond over its remaining lifetime. Calculations apply a single discount rate to future payments creating a present value that will be about equivalent to the bond's price. In this way, the time until maturity, coupon rate, current price, and the difference between price and face value all are considered. See Also: Yield to Maturity vs. Yield to Call: The Difference. Fixed Income Essentials.


Investopedia uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Once a bond is issued, investors may trade it over the course of its lifetime. Market conditions, coupon rate, and the issuing institution can all influence the aftermarket sale price of bonds. In that environment bond prices rise as investors prioritize moderate risk.

By contrast, during a high-performing market investors may be eager to get their money out of low-yield bonds and into more lucrative investments. In this environment bond prices may fall. For example, consider again our ABC Corporation bond.

What is yield and how does it differ from coupon rate?

Coupon and yield rates are:. Instead, they sell the bond below par value. At maturity, the bond holder redeems the bond for its entire par value. A bond coupon rate can be a nice annual payout for a bond holder.